Guinea Pig – Diet

Like Rabbits, there are three main aspects to a Guinea Pigs diet:

  • Hay
  • Nuggets
  • Fresh Greens

Guinea pigs require access to good hay all day, and all night. It is the main part of their diet. Hay is the main source of fibre in a guinea pigs diet, it helps to keep their guts healthy, and helps to keep their digestive system moving. Guinea pigs back teeth constantly grown and therefore guinea pigs grazing on hay will help to keep their teeth trim.

Whilst hay is the main part of a guinea pigs diet it is also advisable to add a commercial feed into your guinea pigs diet. It is suggested that Guinea Pig nuggets are the best type of commercial feed, whilst you can get a cheaper muesli mix, it doesn’t have as much nutritional value for your pig, and you often find that they ‘pick out’ the bits they enjoy and leave the bits they do not.

Fresh greens are also good for your pig as an extra source of vitamin c, however they should be seen as ‘treats’ and fed sparingly. Too many greens can upset your guinea pigs stomach causing diarrhoea. The following are all able to be given to your guinea pig in small quantities:

Beetroot – This should be in raw form rather than pickled. It is high in antioxidants and other nutrients. Guinea pigs love the leaves as well as the root itself. Feeding too often may result in red urine.

  • Bell peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower leaves
  • Celery
  • Corn
  • Cucumber
  • Dandelion leaves
  • Kale
  • Parsley
  • Romaine (cos) lettuce
  • Tomatoes

It is important to note that iceberg lettuce should be avoided, it has a high water content, and little nutritional value. Due to the high water content it will fill your guinea pig up quicker, and can cause problems with their guts.